Mastering the QUARTER Function in Looker Studio: Syntax, Usage, Examples, and Tips For Detailed Chronological Data Analysis

 Mastering the QUARTER Function in Looker Studio: Syntax, Usage, Examples, and Tips For Detailed Chronological Data Analysis

Introduction to the QUARTER Function

The QUARTER function in Google Data Studio is a powerful tool for segmenting your dates into relevant and actionable periods of time. The function works by returning the quarter of the year for a given date. Understanding which quarter a specific date falls in can be critical in many analysis scenarios, including the tracking and reporting of sales metrics.

QUARTER Function Syntax

The syntax of the QUARTER function is as follows:

  1. To generate the quarter from a Date value, you can use
  2. In case of dealing with a compatibility mode Date value, you can use
    QUARTER(X [,Input Format])

Here, - date_expression represents a Date & Time field or expression. - X signifies a field or expression that evaluates to Text, Number, or compatibility mode Date. - Input Format is an optional parameter for format if X is correctly configured as a semantic date field.

Using the QUARTER Function

Using the QUARTER function is quite straightforward. However, as you're dealing with date expressions, you must ensure to treat compatibility mode date differently from the standard date value. The syntax presented above, if followed correctly, should yield the desired output.


Let's see how we can apply the QUARTER function in a real-world scenario. Suppose we have a sales record with the following dates:

| Date of Sale | | | | Feb 12, 2020 | | Jun 14, 2020 | | Dec 29, 2020 |

We can apply the QUARTER function to each date to identify the quarter as follows:

| Date of Sale | Quarter | | | - | | Feb 12, 2020 | 1 | | Jun 14, 2020 | 2 | | Dec 29, 2020 | 4 |

The formulas used were: - QUARTER(TO_TIMESTAMP("Feb 12, 2020")) resulting in 1 - QUARTER(TO_TIMESTAMP("Jun 14, 2020")) resulting in 2 - QUARTER(TO_TIMESTAMP("Dec 29, 2020")) resulting in 4

Limitations of the QUARTER Function

There are no specific limitations to the QUARTER function in Google Data Studio. However, it must be correctly applied to make sure the date format is understood by the function.

Tips for Using the QUARTER Function

  1. Always check your date formats to ensure the QUARTER function can read them correctly.
  2. Remember to utilize the compatibility mode for special date formats, and specify the input format.
  3. Use the QUARTER function together with other date functions for detailed chronological analysis.

GeneratedValue your data studio reports with meaningful date segmentation using the QUARTER function, and enrich your data analysis ever more. Remember, it's not just about having data; it's about making it understandable and actionable.

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